從去年Computex 之後,就開始陸續出現一堆Android平板電腦,然而從Android手機廠商不斷被告,並且開始有消息傳出有廠商和HP接觸WebOS相關授權事宜後,就開始出現一個氛圍是;如果 Google 不正面面對它將會遇到的智財權處理問題,他提出的軟體整合方案就算再吸引人也沒人敢用,或者是用了之後也不再有成本優勢。

在去年自己的部落格當中寫的一篇文章「針對Google的部份繼續看專利問題」裡提到:
「Google 或許可以考慮將針對手機市場的獲利,拿出一點給加入 OHA 的硬體廠商們以及電信商們作為合作的優惠,使其取消過度客製化的意願,尤其是在買下 Admob 之後的現在,這點更是重要。除了可以說服硬體商們,讓採用Android的廠商把各自的專利吐出來,形成專利池的防護網。另外也可以透過電信商的分成來取消應用商店分裂的情況,這樣或許可以解決很多手機部分的問題。

個人覺得如果 Moto 真的順利將公司切割開,把網通跟行動家用裝置分開成二家公司的話,可能 Google 真的可以好好考慮將 Moto 買了,或是至少跟他們買專利授權,因為至少 Moto 在手機和機上盒方面的發展歷史還算豐富,在面對專利官司的時候,累積的專利至少可以比一家搜尋起家的網路公司來得擋得住許多。」

而昨天Google買下Moto之後,雖然目前看到許多評論都認為會對於Android陣營廠商造成騷動。但是個人的感覺是,如果Google想要護住並且繼續養大Android這隻金雞母的話,有了Moto這把好工具之後,後續的動作還應該要更多。

首先,有了Moto的專利之後,Google要和Samsung,HTC,SonyEricsson,LG談專利池共享的籌碼就更多。過去Google手上的專利還不夠多的時候,手機硬體廠商不見得會有興趣將自身的專利拿出來共享。原因是因為Android手機廠商本身之間也是在互相競爭,說實在的某一家被告了,其他家雖然也害怕下一個輪到自己,但是多少也有點看好戲的心態。

而現在Google只要願意主動將Moto的專利釋出,用互相交換的方式與各家Android硬體商做專利互惠協議,Android的OHA聯盟專利池要建立起來的進度就會相當快速了。Moto的專利對目前不斷被告的Samsung和HTC來說,也算是一條救命的浮木,所以這個時機談專利池的建立,大概是再好不過了。

如果OHA聯盟的專利池順利建立,其實接下來該擔心的反而會是微軟和Apple了。尤其Apple應該最為危險,因為Samsung,LG的手機面板及相關代工技術、Samsung的記憶體和CPU代工、Moto的手機和機上盒專利(別忘了GOOGLR/APPLETV),這些部份如果全部集結在一起。其龐大的程度是會贏過先前Apple買到的北電專利。

至於目前其他Android廠商所擔心的失衡問題,雖然Google是說讓Moto保持獨立營運。但是個人的感覺反而是認為,如果要維持生態平衡。Moto將來遲早應該是會變成樣板廠商,而旗下的設計不一定會被推出實際產品,而是被提供給各家Android廠商做為參考。

Moto被買下後的用法,可能是以後Moto就只會推出像是MileStone的Nexus代表機,一年一機。Google可以利用Moto和電信商原有的關係讓Nexus進入電信通路。而其他設計像是Defy,Atrix,Droid等等,或許會變成給其他廠商參考的設計規範,而統一的設計規範,或許也能夠減輕一些軟體開發者為了不同規格手機而必須繁複調整的負擔。

而利用Moto原有的設計製造經驗,加快軟硬體整合的速度,並且快速釋放出相關的經驗成果給其他廠商。避免每次新版本系統釋出之後,各家廠商都還要調整半天。另外一個好處是,Moto的手機在手機系統的更新上,也由於將會承襲Nexus的特性,可以快速更新。

藉此也能夠給予其他廠商壓力,跟上更新進度,避免手機版本零落的問題發生。不過當然這些都是必須Google在之後讓Moto在Android手機市場上的地位逐漸退場才行。其實看到有分析師指出,Moto的品牌本身遲早會被賣出,其實這件事情的機率本身並不小就是了。

至於專利池的建立,個人會希望Google在獲得硬體商之後,能推出一個完全符合開放原始碼的手機系統版本。因為Android在Linux核心與驅動之間做出隔離的作法,導致與Linux基金會的分裂。若是能推出一個公用版本是完全合乎開源碼作法的手機版本,並且和Linux基金會關係修補。

在專利互惠上,雖然Linux基金會在專利的地位也許不比微軟這些大公司。但是在桌面系統和伺服器方面的部分,如果能夠因為和Linux基金會修補關係,甚至之後再加入IBM相關公司針對Linux專利共組的Open Invention Network組織,其實對於自身和開源碼相關組織來說,也是更加互利。

 

 

 


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After Last year Computex .It began to appear a bunch of Android Pad, but keep the defendant from the Android handset makers, and news began to have contact with manufacturers and HP authorized WebOS related issues, the atmosphere is the emergence of a start; if Google does not to face it will deal with problems encountered by intellectual property, software integration solutions he proposed another interesting one would dare even use or use after no longer have the cost advantage.

In the last year in which to write their own blog article , "Google's part to continue to look for patent issues" is mentioned:
"Google might be consider for the mobile phone market, profit, spend a little to join the OHA hardware manufacturers and carriers to offer their cooperation as to cancel the excessive customization will, especially after the buy Admob now, this is an important addition to persuade hardware makers to allow manufacturers to use Android threw their patents to form a patent pool fence addition can also cancel the carrier's application store is divided into divisions situation, this may solve the problem of many parts of the phone.

Moto is really personal opinion, if the company successfully cut open, the CNC device with the mobile home into two separate companies, it may consider Google really good Moto bought, or at least buy a patent license with them, because at least in the Moto mobile phones and set-top boxes in a fairly rich history in the face of the patent lawsuit, when accumulated over a patent search can be started at the network's many more to resist. "

Yesterday, after Google bought Moto, although many commentators have seen that firms will cause disturbance for the Android camp. But personal feeling is, if Google wants to protect the back and continue to raise their Android only lays golden eggs, then, that the Moto has a good tool, the follow-up action should also be more.

First, after the patent has Moto, Google wants Samsung, HTC, SonyEricsson, LG on patent pools to share the chips even more. Google hands over the patent are not enough when the cell phone hardware manufacturers will not necessarily be interested in sharing out their own patents. The reason is because Android handset makers also are competing among themselves, it is certain that a defendant, and other home although his fear of the next turn, but how much a bit keen on pleasing the mind.

And now Google is willing to take the initiative as long as the release of Moto's patent, with the exchange of methods and various patents Android hardware providers do reciprocal agreement, Android's OHA alliance patent pool will progress to build up quite fast enough. Moto's been the defendant's patent on the current Samsung and HTC, can be considered a life-saving driftwood, so this opportunity to talk about the establishment of patent pools is probably better.

If the OHA alliance successfully established a patent pool, in fact, worry it will the next Microsoft and Apple has. In particular, Apple should be the most dangerous, because Samsung, LG mobile phone panel and related foundry technology, Samsung's memory and CPU OEM, Moto mobile phones and set-top box patents (do not forget GOOGLR / APPLETV), if all these parts assembled together. Its large extent will be won to buy Nortel previous Apple patent.

As for other Android manufacturers are worried about the current imbalance, although Google is said to Moto remain independent operations. But instead of personal feeling is that if you want to maintain the ecological balance. Moto will be sooner or later will become a model company, and its design will not necessarily be the actual product launch, but Android has been available to the various manufacturers as a reference.

Moto usage after being bought, possibly after the Moto will only put out on behalf of the Nexus MileStone machine, a one-year machine. Google can use the Moto and the original relationship between the carriers into the telecom access to Nexus. Other designs such as Defy, Atrix, Droid, etc., may become a reference for other manufacturers design specifications, and uniform design standards, may also be able to alleviate some of the software developer for mobile phones with different specifications and must be complicated to pick the whole burden.

The use of Moto original design manufacturing experience to accelerate the speed of hardware and software integration, and quickly release the results of experience related to other manufacturers. To avoid the release of each new version of the system, the various manufacturers must adjust the half. Another advantage is that, Moto mobile phone system update, but also because the Nexus will be inherited characteristics, can be quickly updated.

Other manufacturers to be able to give pressure to keep up with the progress update, to avoid the mobile version of the scattered problems. But of course these are necessary after Google's Android phone to Moto in position on the market gradually exit Caixing. In fact, some analysts point out that, Moto brand itself sooner or later will be sold, in fact, this matter does not in itself a small chance it wants.

As for the establishment of patent pools, individuals will want Google to get the hardware business after to introduce a fully compliant version of the open source mobile phone system. Because Android in the Linux kernel and drivers to make a separation between the practice, leading to a split with the Linux Foundation. If they could launch a public version of the open source approach is entirely consistent with the mobile version, and the relationship between the repair and Linux Foundation.

Reciprocity in the patent, although the status of the Linux Foundation, the patent may be better than Microsoft these big companies. But in the desktop and server side part, because if we can repair the relationship and the Linux Foundation, even after joining IBM patents related companies for the total group of Linux Open Invention Network Organization , in fact, open source code for their own and related organizations, is more beneficial.

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